Ordnance Survey, Public Health Act Map of Newcastle-under-Lyme – Sheet 1

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Description:These maps were surveyed in 1851 by the Ordnance Survey Department in accordance with the provisions of the Public Health Act, for the Local Board of Health.

The Public Health Act of 1848

In Newcastle in 1849 the population was around 10,000; in that year more than 1,700 fell ill with cholera with 234 dying of the disease.
This was recorded as one of the highest rates of the disease in the country; this was because sanitary conditions in Newcastle were very poor at the time.

Nationally, sanitary reform grew as a political issue and during the 1840s parliament began to take the problem seriously, resulting in the act of 1848.

As part of the act a Central Board of Health was set up, whose role was to enforce, regulate and supervise street cleaning, water supply, waste collection and sewage disposal. Local health boards eventually took over these responsibilities.

The Ordnance Survey department under the supervision of Captain Andrew Beatty of the Royal Engineers was contracted to accurately survey the town so that plans could be drawn up to implement new drainage.

It features Pool Dam, Castle Cottage, Holborn, Dunkirk, Bridge Street, Liverpool Street, Lower Green, Butt Lane, Fletcher Street, Knutton lane, Upper Green and Mary's Flat.

Digitisation funded by Heritage Lottery Fund


The timeline shows resources around this location over a number of years.

View of the High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme
View of the High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme

This oil painting by James Hulse c. 1839 shows the High Street in Newcastle-under-Lyme. ...

Burgess Lands Map, Newcastle-under-Lyme
Burgess Lands Map, Newcastle-under-Lyme

This map shows the lands held in trust by the Burgesses of Newcastle-under-Lyme ...

V Batte's Greengrocers, Ironmarket, Newcastle-under-Lyme
V Batte's Greengrocers, Ironmarket, Newcastle-under-Lyme

Photograph of V. Batte's greengrocers. It later became the Star Inn, Superstar, ...

High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme
High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme

This view of Newcastle-under-Lyme town centre from the bottom of the High Street ...

Guildhall, Newcastle-under-Lyme
Guildhall, Newcastle-under-Lyme

Tarmac being used in the town for the first time.

Mayor Choosing Ceremony for Edward Bond, Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme
Mayor Choosing Ceremony for Edward Bond, Market Cross, Newcastle-under-Lyme

The Mayor Choosing ceremony is a tradition in Newcastle-under-Lyme. The newly ...

Newcastle Market, Newcastle-under-Lyme
Newcastle Market, Newcastle-under-Lyme

Newcastle Market by J.W. Griffiths is a very colourful and lively streetscene with ...

A Town on Millennium Eve, Newcastle-under-Lyme
A Town on Millennium Eve, Newcastle-under-Lyme

An oil painting by Tim Lloyd, commissioned for the Millennium by Newcastle-under-Lyme ...

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Link to this resource

Creators: Newcastle-Under-Lyme Board of Public Health - Contributor ,  Ordnance Survey - Creator

Image courtesy of: Newcastle-under-Lyme Borough Council

Donor ref:NM.2017.220.4 (R) (22/35083)

Source: Brampton Museum and Art Gallery, Newcastle under Lyme

Copyright information: Copyrights to all resources are retained by the individual rights holders. They have kindly made their collections available for non-commercial private study & educational use. Re-distribution of resources in any form is only permitted subject to strict adherence to the usage guidelines.