Ordnance Survey, Public Health Act Map of Newcastle-under-Lyme – Sheet 5

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Date:1851

Description:These maps were surveyed in 1851 by the Ordnance Survey Department in accordance with the provisions of the Public Health Act, for the Local Board of Health.

The Public Health Act of 1848

In Newcastle in 1849 the population was around 10,000; in that year more than 1,700 fell ill with cholera with 234 dying of the disease.
This was recorded as one of the highest rates of the disease in the country; this was because sanitary conditions in Newcastle were very poor at the time.

Nationally sanitary reform grew as a political issue and during the 1840s parliament began to take the problem seriously, resulting in the act of 1848.

As part of the act a Central Board of Health was set up, whose role was to enforce, regulate and supervise street cleaning, water supply, waste collection and sewage disposal. Local health boards eventually took over these responsibilities.

The Ordnance Survey department under the supervision of Captain Andrew Beatty of the Royal Engineers was contracted to accurately survey the town so that plans could be drawn up to implement new drainage.

Places shown on the map include The Guildhall, Lower Street, Post Office Yard, Ford's yard, High Street, Hick Street, Hassell's Street, Market Street, Ironmarket, lad lane, Merrial Street, Garden Street, Scott Street, Bagnall Street.

Digitisation funded by Heritage Lottery Fund


Timeline

The timeline shows resources around this location over a number of years.

1830s
Cartoon study for the 'Mock Mayor' of Newcastle-under-Lyme
Cartoon study for the 'Mock Mayor' of Newcastle-under-Lyme

Oil on board depicting cartoon detail of images that were considered by the artist ...

1850s
Newcastle-under-Lyme Board of Health Drainage Works Plans
Newcastle-under-Lyme Board of Health Drainage Works Plans

These plans were drawn up by Lee and Stevenson, Civil Engineers from London in 1853. They ...

1870s
Guildhall, Newcastle-under-Lyme
Guildhall, Newcastle-under-Lyme

A view of the High Street looking north. In the background to the right of the ...

1890s
Hargreaves,  High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme
Hargreaves, High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme

Photograph of Hargreaves, maltster and hop merchant.

1900s
Drawing of the Guildhall and Market, Newcastle-under-Lyme
Drawing of the Guildhall and Market, Newcastle-under-Lyme

This is an ink sketch of the Guildhall and Market by A.F. Wenger. A.F. Wenger ...

1920s
High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme
High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme

The tram lines visible in the centre of this photograph give the date of pre 1928, ...

1950s
Castle Hotel, High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme
Castle Hotel, High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme

The Castle Hotel opened in around 1820 and was a popular coaching stop for traffic ...

1970s
Octocentenary, High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme
Octocentenary, High Street, Newcastle-under-Lyme

A group of people in period costume handing out newspapers advertising Octocentenary ...

1990s
Guildhall and Market, Newcastle-under-Lyme
Guildhall and Market, Newcastle-under-Lyme

Watercolour signed by Alf Fallows and dated 1995 depicting the Guildhall clock and ...

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Creators: Newcastle-Under-Lyme Board of Public Health - Contributor ,  Ordnance Survey - Creator

Donor ref:NM.2017.220.8 (R) (22/35084)

Source: Brampton Museum and Art Gallery, Newcastle under Lyme

Copyright information: Copyrights to all resources are retained by the individual rights holders. They have kindly made their collections available for non-commercial private study & educational use. Re-distribution of resources in any form is only permitted subject to strict adherence to the usage guidelines.